Friday, May 22, 2020
Many campuses have intramural sports teams Ã¢â¬â teams that arent eligible for athletic scholarships, arent as competitive as other sports on campus and generally take anyone who wants to join. Like many co-curricular activities, joining an intramural team can take a lot of time and energy Ã¢â¬â something that tends to be in short supply for busy college students Ã¢â¬â but if its something you think youd enjoy, it very well could be worth the commitment: A variety of studies have found there are great benefits to playing intramural sports.Ã 1. Intramurals Are an Amazing StressÃ Reliever Youll have no shortage of stress in college: exams, group projects, roommate drama, computer problems Ã¢â¬â you name it. With all that going on, its sometimes hard to fit fun into your calendar. Because intramural competitions have a set schedule, youre practically forced to set aside time to run around with your friends. Even for the most intense of intramural players, a little friendly competition should be a nice change of pace from the classroom and assignment deadlines. 2. They Provide Great Exercise While most college students would like to go to the gym on a regular basis, few actually do. With a predetermined time already in your schedule, your workout is more likely to happen. Youre also held accountable to show up by your teammates. In addition, the time will pass quicker than if you were alone in the gym. And you know that feeling when youre working out and you just want to cut the gym session short? You cant quite do that during a game. Team sports are a great way to push yourself Ã¢â¬â that can be hard to do when youre working out alone.Ã 3. Theyre a Great Way to Meet People You may be getting used to seeing similar people in the courses for your major, in your residence hall or at the events you go to on campus. Intramurals can be a great way to meet students that you may not otherwise run into. In fact, you dont necessarily need to know anyone to join an intramural team, so signing up can quickly expand your social circle. 4. There Can Be LeadershipÃ Opportunities Every team needs a captain, right? If youre looking to build your resume or test out your leadership skills, intramural teams can be a great place to start. 5. Its One of the Few Things Youll Do Just for Fun A lot of things you do in college probably have very specific goals and purposes: taking a class to meet a requirement, doing an assignment to get good grades, working to pay for school, etc. But you dont need to assign a purpose to intramural sports. After all, its flag football Ã¢â¬â youre not making a career out of it. Join a team because itll be fun. Go out and play just because youÃ can.
Friday, May 8, 2020
Chapter 8 Product, Services, and Branding Strategies: Building Customer Value 1) We define a ________ as anything that can be offered to a market for attention, acquisition, use, or consumption and that might satisfy a want or need. D) product 2) ________ are a form of product that consists of activities, benefits, or satisfactions offered for sale that are essentially intangible and do not result in the ownership of anything. B) Services 3) A product is a key element in the ________. At one extreme, it may consist of pure tangible goods or at the other extreme, pure services. A) market offering 4) To differentiate themselves, many companies are going beyond products and services, they are developing and delivering customerÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A) specialty products B) social marketing C) shopping products D) consumer products E) responsibility marketing Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 229 AACSB: Ethical Reasoning Skill: Concept Objective: 8-1 21) Developing a product or service involves defining the benefits that it will offer. These benefits are communicated and delivered by ________ such as quality, features, and style and design. A) private brands B) product attributes C) consumer products D) product mixes E) marketing tools Answer: B Diff: 3 Page Ref: 229 AACSB: Communication Skill: Concept Objective: 8-2 22) ________ is one of the marketer s major positioning tools because it has a direct impact on product or service performance; it is therefore closely linked to customer value and satisfaction. A) Packaging B) Product quality C) Total quality management D) Specialty product marketing E) Positioning Answer: B Diff: 2 Page Ref: 229 AACSB: Communication Skill: Concept Objective: 8-2 23) ________ is an approach in which all the company s people are involved in constantly improving the products, services, and business processes. A) Product quality B) Brand equity C) TotalShow MoreRelatedCustomer-Based Brand Equity Model (Cbbe)1111 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCustomer-Based Brand Equity Model (CBBE) CBBE act as a bridge to add value on a product endowed to a product as a result of past investments in the marketing of a brand. It is also provide provides direction and focus to future marketing activities. CBBE model designed to assist management in brand building efforts. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Daved Najarian American literature II 9:00am Huck, The Duke and Pinocchio One of the primary themes Mark Twain uses throughout The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is that of deception. Twain uses many forms and styles of deception not only to illustrate varying degrees of it, but also to draw a distinction between morally permissible and morally corrupt lies. Twain introduces different forms of deception brought about by a myriad of catalysts. We will write a custom essay sample on Huck Finn or any similar topic only for you Order Now Throughout the book, Twain uses Huck, the Duke and the King to compare and contrast different forms of lying, and to illustrate how context plays a large role in the moral weight of a deception. By portraying each of these characters actions and reactions to their environment, Twain is able to explore the moral importance of familiar circumstances. Huck takes on a more innocent and playful approach to deception and only uses morally weighted lies as a means to protect. While the Duke plays with good intentions, too often the end goals of his deceptions are for monetary gain. Finally the King is presented as possessing little redeeming quality and is by far the most morally corrupt of the characters. Huck seems to primarily formulate deceptions in two circumstances throughout the novel. The first of these is for an innocent, or even jestful reason, with little or no mal-intent. The second of these is the use of a deception in a more serious manner, but generally used only to preserve the wellbeing of Jim or himself. Unlike the more serious and character damaging lies of the King and the Duke, HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s deceptions are, for the most part, spur of the moment rather than premeditated. Towards the beginning of the adventure, Huck seems to deceive for relatively harmless reasons. When Huck goes ashore dressed as a girl to attain town gossip, he lies about who he is, but the moral implications of this lie are slight. He has no malicious motive in mind, and is Ã¢â¬Å"taking advantageÃ¢â¬ of the newcomers for information alone. In this scene, Huck is very nervous and un-savvy of his character, which leads to him being caught in his deception. Although Huck uses lavish deceptions he is still relatively novice at it, and for this reason his lies depend heavily on the intended victims perception and relationship to him. These sorts of lies seem to represent a sort of Ã¢â¬Å"gameÃ¢â¬ to Huck and he is accordingly unaware of their effects on others. When Huck plays a trick on Jim these effects become apparent. Ã¢â¬Å"Well, this is too many for me, Jim. I hainÃ¢â¬â¢t seen no fog, nor no islands, nor no troubles, nor nothing. Ã¢â¬ When Huck tricks Jim into thinking he dreamt up a whole night of troubles, he holds no ill intent. Like his Ã¢â¬Å"girl deceptionÃ¢â¬ this lie takes advantage of Jim for his own lighthearted enjoyment, and not for material benefit. Through this depiction, Twain illustrates that it is not just the content of a lie but the intended recipient that determines its moral severity. Once Huck realizes the effects of this style of fib and the repercussions of tricking those close to him, he discontinues it for the rest of the novel. The second form of deception in HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s arsenal is a sort of Ã¢â¬Å"deception for preservationÃ¢â¬ . The first time Huck lies in this manner is to avoid a dangerous situation with Pap. When Pap awakes to find Huck sleeping with a gun, Huck is quick to fabricate a story about a potential intruder he was Ã¢â¬Å"laying forÃ¢â¬ . The purpose of this form of a lie is clearly self-preservation, and unlike HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s other form of deception, it is brought about by necessity and is spur the moment. Huck uses this level of deception throughout the adventure and therefore gains a mastery of it. Twain seems to suggest that HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s circumstances justify some of his lies and deception, playing with the notion of Ã¢â¬Å"necessary liesÃ¢â¬ Huck is in many ways Ã¢â¬Å"forcedÃ¢â¬ into situations where a lie becomes necessary to preserve a life. As Huck and Jim grow as friends Huck not only is unable to turn Jim in, but finds himself fabricating elaborate deceptions to keep him safe. In one scene in particular, Huck uses Ã¢â¬Å"reverse psychologyÃ¢â¬ to trick men into believing he wants help on the raft when in fact he wants the opposite. Ã¢â¬Å"I will, sir, I will, honest Ã¢â¬â but donÃ¢â¬â¢t leave us, please. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the Ã¢â¬â the Ã¢â¬â Gentlemen, if youÃ¢â¬â¢ll only pull ahead, and let me heave you the headline, you wonÃ¢â¬â¢t have to come a-near the raft Ã¢â¬â please do. Ã¢â¬ In this encounter, Huck is able to create the illusion that he is desperate for help; with a sub lie that those aboard the raft are ill with small pox. What is important to recognize here, is that this level of lie is to protect Jim (and himself) from the greed of slave hunters, not to gain additional benefit from them. Most of the deception created by Huck is simply to maintain the status quo. Huck and Jim do not wish to gain anything material from others but simply want to be left alone. Unlike the King and Duke who look ashore to interact and take with deceit, Huck and Jim lie to distance themselves from those on shore. Twain compares and contrasts the King and the Duke from the moment of their arrival. Ã¢â¬Å"These liars warnÃ¢â¬â¢t no kings nor dukes, at all, but just low-down humbugs and frauds. Ã¢â¬ Although Huck sees through the King and DukeÃ¢â¬â¢s lies right away, there is importance and foreshadowing in their first deception. The very fact that the King places himself higher than the Duke with an outlandish introduction, Ã¢â¬Å"Bilgewater, I am the late Dauphin! Ã¢â¬ foreshadows that the King is the worse of the two con men. Throughout the trip the Duke utilizes two forms of deception, the first of which focuses on the betterment of the group as a whole. This is illustrated by his attempts to make it easier for them to Ã¢â¬Å"run during the dayÃ¢â¬ rather than the shadow of night. This lie involved the faking of JimÃ¢â¬â¢s capture and deception of reward seeking in order to avoid the attention of others. Like Huck, this lie helps to protect the group but unlike Huck it involves premeditation and a change in the status quo. While Huck lies to protect Jim rather than for selfish intent, the Duke does not. The second form or level of deception the Duke emphasizes is the fabrication of legitimacy to his illegitimate forms of entertainment. In the end, these attempts are commendable but pathetic, Ã¢â¬Å"To be, or not to be; that is the bare bodkin that makes calamity of so long lifeÃ¢â¬ . Although many of the Dukes offerings (such as Shakespeare) tender some level of legitimacy, his back-story and quality of performance are shrouded with deception. What differentiates these lies from others is the emphasis on greed; as the end goal of the DukeÃ¢â¬â¢s deceptions often-involved monetary gain and taking from others. Twain paints the King as not only less intelligent than the Duke, but also more cruel. As the tale progresses the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s lies and deception escalate from a moral grey area to out right. From the start, the Kings lies target the innocent, ignorant, and emotionally compromised. In contrast to the Duke, the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s first performance takes advantage of the kind and empathetic attendees at a religious gathering. From this point on the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s greed is insatiable, and his lust for money and material goods causes him to be irrational. The King gets so lie crazy at one point that he even lies about lying about who took the gold, saying that he took it, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËNough! Ã¢â¬â I OWN UP! Ã¢â¬ These deceptions finally peak during the WilksÃ¢â¬â¢ impersonation when the King is unsatisfied with the $6,000 and wants to sell the girlÃ¢â¬â¢s properties. While many of the DukeÃ¢â¬â¢s stunts were simply to get by, the King lets his greed completely overwhelm his character. The intellectually superior Duke even looks to get out of the long con while they still can, but he is talked back in to it by the King and his greed. Twain uses this character to not only illustrate how, Ã¢â¬Å"One can become the company they keep,Ã¢â¬ (as all were dragged into the con), but that greed can turn most men to sin. The lies and deceptions portrayed in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn introduce ethical and moral issues that are relevant to the reader. Twain does an excellent job of utilizing context to explore the morality of deception. By exploring intent and the inner workings of Huck, the Duke and the King, Twain is able to illustrate how lies can be permissible or damning. The concept of Ã¢â¬Å"necessary liesÃ¢â¬ carries a great deal of weight when analyzing the morality of a deception, and Twain uses the ethical framework of Utilitarianism to justify this. For Twain is seems as though the morality of a lie is tied to the consequence of that lie, rather than the lie itself. Rather than making deception universally Ã¢â¬Å"wrongÃ¢â¬ , Twain leaves the door open for moral interpretation. Twain suggests, that by looking at the result of a lie and who is affected, one can determine the Ã¢â¬Å"rightnessÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"wrongnessÃ¢â¬ of that particular lie. The ethical framework of utilitarianism of course brings with it a slue of objections, however; in the context the novel it is intuitive. The most Ã¢â¬Å"morally corrupt lieÃ¢â¬ in the text negatively effects the largest number of people, whereas many of HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s lies positively effect Jim or himself and carry little negative effect to others. The KingÃ¢â¬â¢s Wilks impersonation, along with others, affected not just those that survived the deceased but the entire town. These Ã¢â¬Å"large scaleÃ¢â¬ deceptions clearly would be considered morally corrupt by Utilitarians; whereas many of HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s lies were small scale and produced the smallest ripples. Twain masterfully incorporates ethics into a realistic story, resulting in this multi-layered tale. Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬â [ 1 ]. pg. 122 [ 2 ]. pg. 166 [ 3 ]. pg. 165 [ 4 ]. 182 [ 5 ]. 276 How to cite Huck Finn, Papers Huck Finn Free Essays Sure, the river is Huck and JimÃ¢â¬â¢s transportation. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s taking them from captivity (slavery; child abuse) to (hopefully) freedom in the state of Ohio. But the river ends up symbolizing freedom in its own right. We will write a custom essay sample on Huck Finn or any similar topic only for you Order Now Before hitting the rapids, Huck feels confinedÃ¢â¬ both by both society (which, figuratively, kept Huck imprisoned by its restrictive rules) and by Pap (who, literally, kept Huck locked up). And the river is the only route they can take if they want to be free both in that present moment and in their respective futures. Check out the way Huck describes it: So in two seconds away we went a-sliding down the river, and it did seem so good to be free again and all by ourselves on the big river, and nobody to bother us. (29) Ã¢â¬Å"Free again,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"All by ourselves,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"nobody to bother usÃ¢â¬ : to Huck, the river represents a life beyond the rules of society. And thatÃ¢â¬â¢s a life he could get used to. For Jim, the river will take him to Ã¢â¬Å"freedomÃ¢â¬ in the legal sense; he and Huck are aiming toward the free states. For Huck, the river carries him away from his rustrated life in St. Petersburg. Prior to hitting the rapids, Huck feels confined Ã¢â¬â both by both society (which, fguratively, kept Huck imprisoned by its restrictive rules) and by Pap (who, literally, kept Huck locked up). So when Huck and Jim decide itÃ¢â¬â¢s about time for them to move on out, they take their raft to the river. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the only route they can take if they want to be free both in that present moment and in their respective futures. So, if the Mississippi River is not a symbol, weÃ¢â¬â¢re not sure what is. K Ã¢â¬â the river symbolizes freedom to Huck and Jim, agreed? Whoa, whoa, wait a sec! ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a bit more complicated than that Ã¢â¬â after all, the river also directly causes a bunch of problems for our heroes. Ã¢â¬Å"Freedom cannot cause problems,Ã¢â¬ you may be thinking. But, err, it can Just hear us out for a few more sentences. The river may be carrying Jim and Huck to freedom, but on the way, it creates a few obstacles. First, they encounter the burglars/potential-murderers on the steamboat. While theyre onboard, their own raft washes away down river. Dealing with that whole debacle is challenge number one. Next, the river carries Huck ashore, where he has that moral crisis over Ã¢â¬Å"stealingÃ¢â¬ Jim. The riverÃ¢â¬â¢s fog makes them miss the mouth of the Ohio River; their raft gets split in half by yet another steamboat; Huck has to witness that Grangerford-shepherdson bloodbath; the Duke and the Dauphin create lots of drama and sell Jim back into slaveryÃ¢â¬ ¦ yeah, the riverÃ¢â¬â¢s sort of to blame for all of that. Huck Finn By palmeri15 How to cite Huck Finn, Papers Huck Finn Free Essays Through HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s many adventures, his sense of morality plays a large role in the decisions he makes as well as the relationships he builds with others. HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions and actions have the ability to change the lives of those around him; his sense of morality influences his choices, thus leading him to many difficult situations with others. By the time that Huck decides that he is going to follow his heart and save Jim instead of turning him in, his moral development is at an increase, as opposed to his morality in the beginning of the novel. We will write a custom essay sample on Huck Finn or any similar topic only for you Order Now Though his intentions for saving Jim are not completely genuine, he makes the upstanding decision to save Jim and exemplifies his change of heart. Huck displays his nonconformity to the society around him by considering Jim as a friend and not as an insignificant slave. After Huck has found Jim imprisoned at the PhelpsÃ¢â¬â¢s farm and has encountered Tom, Huck changes in his morality, causing him to make wrong and right decisions that affect lives around him.From when Huck decides to follow his heart and save Jim, the basis of HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s moral development grows, but under many circumstances Huck succumbs to TomÃ¢â¬â¢s naivety and unethical choices, thus hindering the progression of his moral growth. The basis of HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s morality is developing, but under TomÃ¢â¬â¢s influence Huck slowly loses his grasp on morality and submits to many of HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s wrongful ideas. Huck at times shows his morality by making the Ã¢â¬Å"rightÃ¢â¬ decisions in many circumstances, but w hen following Tom in TomÃ¢â¬â¢s plans, Huck caves into TomÃ¢â¬â¢s devious, immoral, adventure seeking ideas that causes trouble for the Phelps as well as himself. Huck possesses a desire to follow his heart to help Jim as he leaves for Silas PhelpsÃ¢â¬â¢ farm, and the basis of that wish to be moral persists and influences a few of his actions in dealing with the Phelps: Ã¢â¬Å"Laws knows I wanted to go, bad enough, to see about Tom, and all was intending to go, but after that, I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t a went, not for kingdomsÃ¢â¬ (350). HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s basis of morality still exists even through TomÃ¢â¬â¢s influence. Huck chooses the right decision to stay and keep Aunt Sally from becoming even more sorrowful.Though he knows that Tom is waiting for him, Huck stays not for the benefit of himself, but for Aunt Sally, because he sympathizes for her. HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s moral development progresses when not in the presence of TomÃ¢â¬â¢s manipulative words, but when he is around TomÃ¢â¬â¢s influence, Huck gives into falling under the impression of TomÃ¢â¬â¢s ideals and ridiculous, immoral schemes. Huck considers Tom an authoritative, knowledgeable fi gure and follows Tom in many of TomÃ¢â¬â¢s unreasonable, unethical acts regardless of the negative circumstances Huck knows will undergo: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â¢Now youÃ¢â¬â¢re talking! I says; Ã¢â¬ËYour head gets leveler and leveler all the time, Tom Sawyer,Ã¢â¬â¢ I says. Ã¢â¬ËPicks is the thing, moral or no moral; and as for me, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t care shucks for the morality of it nohowÃ¢â¬ (307). Tom finds it very important that they make JimÃ¢â¬â¢s escape from bondage an adventure, hence Tom and Huck must steal, life, and cheat to make their somewhat simple situation adventuresome. Huck steals the PhelpsÃ¢â¬â¢s familyÃ¢â¬â¢s picks, and disregards the fact that what he is doing is immoral because he is lost in the desire to free Jim out with Tom.Huck relishes in the fact that Tom is helping him and putts of his morality for adventure. Huck acknowledges the fact that stealing the picks is immoral and wrong, but is so caught up with working with Tom that he gives up on morality. TomÃ¢â¬â¢s negative influence over Huck succeeds him to the end of the novel, in which Huck completely loses his sense of moral development. By the end of the novel, after Jim has been emancipated and Huck and Tom are both out of trouble, HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s outlook on morality changes and his moral development completely regresses and plans to regress in his subsequent journey.Having been exposed to the influences of Tom and after realizing that after the trouble they cause, that everything results in a trouble free situation with no negative circumstances, Huck feels as if his immorality is acceptable. Jim endures much unnecessary trouble to be released from imprisonment just because of TomÃ¢â¬â¢s whimsical wants and desires; Jim is treated by Huck and Tom as if his life is a trivial game that is intended for their enjoyment.Jim is not treated as a real human being, but is treated as if he were a lesser person, yet Huck is content with how everything turns out: Ã¢â¬Å"But I reckoned it was about as well the way it wasÃ¢â¬ (360). Tom and HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s actions and motives to release Jim from imprisonment are completely immoral, but the fact that everything turns out satisfactory, Huck overlooks the importance of morality. Huck loses all respect for Jim as a human being, and almost considers Jim a slave again and not as a friend.Tom degrades Jim by giving him forty dollars, the same price in which Jim was sold for, in exchange for JimÃ¢â¬â¢s cooperation in TomÃ¢â¬â¢s fun and games; Huck gives Tom silent approval, and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t object to TomÃ¢â¬â¢s act of immorality. E merson said that a great man keeps his independence and own opinions, and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t conform to the ways of society. Throughout the novel, Huck has shown much self-reliance and assertiveness in his own opinions and values. By the end of the novel, Huck is not the great man that Emerson describes.Though Huck can stand strong on his ideas and desires independently, he conforms to the ideals of society, Tom, by the end of the novel. Before Huck encounters Tom on the PhelpsÃ¢â¬â¢s farm, he sticks true to his beliefs and his heartÃ¢â¬â¢s desires, yet after spending a great deal of time with Tom, he loses his values and his morals under the influence of Tom. Thus Huck is unable to not conform to those around him, therefore unable to be a Ã¢â¬Å"great manÃ¢â¬ in the eyes of Emerson. How to cite Huck Finn, Papers Huck Finn Free Essays Superstition and Religion in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn In the novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, written by Mark Twain, superstition is used throughout the story. Mark Twain uses superstition to show the difference between an organized religion, such as Christianity, and believing in superstition. As Huckleberry Finn and Jim escape to freedom from civilized living and slavery, religion and superstition have a strong effect on them. We will write a custom essay sample on Huck Finn or any similar topic only for you Order Now As they go back and forth between the two faiths, the reader gets an idea of the system of beliefs that people followed living along the Mississippi River. Belief in the supernatural and superstition are the marks of many characters in the storyline. It is Jim and HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s shared belief in superstitions that originally draws them together. Jim and Huck explain things using superstition that they cannot otherwise explain. It is possible that the novel parodies religion by comparing it to superstition, since some characters take advantage of both belief systems to influence and mislead. Most often, superstitions are used as an attempt to explain why bad things happen. When a character has something good happen, most likely religion takes credit for that positive outcome. When someone is punished, or something terrible happens, it is a lot more comforting to put the blame on superstition. Religion, as defined in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary Online, is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a personal set or institutionalized system of religious attitudes, beliefs, and practicesÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"the service and worship of God or the supernatural: commitment or devotion to religious faith or observanceÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"a cause, principal or system of beliefs held to with ardor and faithÃ¢â¬ . Superstition, as defined in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary Online, is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a belief or practice resulting from ignorance, fear of the unknown, trust in magic or chance, or false conception of causationÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"an irrational abject attitude of mind toward the supernatural, nature, or God resulting from superstitionÃ¢â¬ . Both notions are used throughout The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , in some cases they do not seem to be equivalent to their particular definitions. The question that resides in the core of this novel is Ã¢â¬Å"How is superstition and religion used in the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and what defines their meaning? Later on in chapter one, Huck is alone in his room watching a spider crawl up his shoulder. Huck flips the spider off and it falls into the candle, shriveling up and dying. Huck says, Ã¢â¬Å"I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t need anybody to tell me that that was an awful bad sin and would fetch me some bad luck, so I was scared and most shook the clothes off of me. I got up and turned around in my tracks three times and crossed my breast every time: and when I tied up a little lock of my hair with a thread to keep witches away. But I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t no confidence. Huck shows us his superstitions and his belief in them. These beliefs have been ingrained in him from his father, Pap. In chapter four, Huck turns over the salt-cellar at breakfast. When he goes to throw some of the salt over his left shoulder, Miss Watson stepped in and crossed him off. She tells him to take his hands away and to stop making a mess. The widow Douglas puts in a good word for Huck, but he feels that it will not be enough to war d off the bad luck. After the salt spilling, Huck was feeling worried and shaky and wondering what bad luck would befall him. Since he was unable to perform his ritual, (throwing the salt over his left shoulder) he felt he had to be on the lookout all day. It seems as though HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s views on superstition revolve around bad luck more so than good. Huck blames bad happenings on superstition, while good happenings are Ã¢â¬Å"naturalÃ¢â¬ or have been earned in some way. Huck doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t trust religion to explain lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s negatives, so he uses his belief in the supernatural. Huck finds tracks in the snow in chapter 4, a boot print with a cross in the left boot-heel made with big nails, to ward off the devil. He finds the footprints all around then and he follows them, before it struck him who they belonged to. Pap had been checking on Huck and was watching him. This is when the reader finds out that Jim isnÃ¢â¬â¢t the only source of HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s superstitions beliefs. Some of the superstitions that Huck follows have been passed on to him from his father. Huck uses superstition to justify and explain why some bad events happen. Take the situation with the rattlesnake, Huck thinks to himself, Ã¢â¬Å"We didnÃ¢â¬â¢t say a word for a good while. There warnÃ¢â¬â¢t anything to say. We both knowed well enough it was some more work of the rattlesnake-skin; so what was the use to talk about it? It would only look like we was finding fault, and that would be bound to fetch more bad luck Ã¢â¬â and keep on fetching it, too, till we knowed enough to keep still. Both Jim and Huck continue to expect bad luck because of the rattlesnake skin that Huck touched. In chapter one, the Widow and Miss Watson try to teach Huck about religion. They try to teach him all about heaven and hell. They explain to him that the things you do on earth will decide where you go after death. Huck inevitably decides that since Tom wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to the good place, he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t care to go there either. Huck treats the philosophies of heaven and hell impartially and seems to be a bit immature about the whole idea. All Huck knows is that he does not want to be lonely and he wants to be with his friend, Tom Sawyer. In chapter two, Ben Rogers says that he could not get out much, only on Sundays so Tom SawyerÃ¢â¬â¢s gang could begin then. Surprisingly, all the boys said that it would be wicked to do such a thing on Sunday, as it is a holy day. The interesting part of this logic is that the boys donÃ¢â¬â¢t care much about being in a gang, stealing, or murdering, yet they care enough not to do it on a holy day. In HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s case, he seems to care more about the smaller issue of not starting a gang on a holy day, yet does not care much of bigger issues such as heaven and hell, or Noah and the Bulrushers. In chapter 3, Huck is sitting alone in the woods trying to figure out the logistics of religion. He wonders about prayer and how it works. He thinks to himself, Ã¢â¬Å"if a body can get anything they pray for, why donÃ¢â¬â¢t Deacon Winn get back the money he lost on pork? Why canÃ¢â¬â¢t the widow get back her snuffbox that was stole? Why canÃ¢â¬â¢t Miss Watson fat up? Ã¢â¬ After Miss Watson tells him that he must help people, do everything he could for others, and never think of himself, Huck decides that he does not see any advantage to living that way. He debates over every part of religion and does not accept it all just because itÃ¢â¬â¢s part of the whole. He chooses what he does and does not believe, and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t look at it as all or nothing. HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s view on religion starts to evolve in chapter eighteen. He thinks to himself, Ã¢â¬Å"If you notice, most folks donÃ¢â¬â¢t go to church only when theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve got to: but a hog is different. Ã¢â¬ Huck starts to realize that people just use religion when itÃ¢â¬â¢s good for them. He sees that people use religion to manipulate and get what they want. The Grangerfords and the Shepherdsons sit in church together. Mark Twain shows us how extraordinarily important religion in the South is during this era. The only time that the Grangerfords and Shepherdsons donÃ¢â¬â¢t fight is during their time at church. They view their religious gatherings as a common ground and their respect for religion is the only thing that quiets their feud. Huck is perplexed at how these two families can live in the Christian way by following the church and the bible; yet continue to kill each other. Huck sees the king use religion as a tool of deception. While the king is pretending to be Harvey WilksÃ¢â¬â¢, He tells the town about his congregation in England and how they were sweet on him and he must hurry and settle the estate right away and then leave for home. Again, Huck sees religion being used to manipulate and control people. Although Huck is bombarded with superstitious beliefs and religion, he chooses to go on his own path. He weighs each piece of information he gets and decides to take it all for what it is. Huck believes in different parts of each belief system. Though Huck feels that organized religion is stifling, he still clings to it in his times of despair and uses it as a comfort mechanism. When all is said and done, Huck searches for what is right in his heart and he considers all possibilities, and in the end chooses his own moral code. How to cite Huck Finn, Papers
Monday, April 27, 2020
Night Time In Denver One day Carrie and Jerry were walking home from school, and there was an ambulance at the next door neighbors house. They asked what was wrong and they found out that Mr. Zooman (that is what the kids call him) had a heart attack (that's what they thought). And what do Carrie and Jerry care about it? He was a weird person anyway. That night Carrie and Jerry decide to climb the big brick fence that surrounded the house. They just wanted to check out what was there. They got their flashlights and shovels and started walking toward the house. They climbed the fence and had a rough drop down the fence. They looked around and saw huge plans; they were shaped like animals. Jerry looked up and saw a lion with wings; it was so big that he could fit his head into its mouth...If he wanted to. Jerry and Carrie were both scared, but they did not admit it. Ten they herd a rustle, Jerry said "here kitty kitty." Just to try to convince him that it was only a cat. But Jerry and Carrie both knew it was the plants. They started to dig in the roots and chop them down, but one grabbed Jerry and smashed him to the ground. They ran away. This time when they climbed the fence to run away it was much harder, but the did. The next day in school they talked about what happened and what they could do about it. Jerry had an Idea. They were going to have to go to visit Zooman in the hospital, to find out how to get ride of them. They thought about this. Why didn't he get ride of them? They would soon find out.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Lapses and Collapses Lapses and Collapses Lapses and Collapses By Mark Nichol This post lists and defines lapse and its family of related words that pertain to a passage of time or to falling. The words discussed below all derive ultimately from the Latin verb labi, meaning Ã¢â¬Å"fall,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"sink,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"slip,Ã¢â¬ in addition to other related actions, by way of lapsus, meaning Ã¢â¬Å"fallingÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"slippingÃ¢â¬ (figuratively or literally) or Ã¢â¬Å"passage of timeÃ¢â¬ (from the sense of Ã¢â¬Å"glidingÃ¢â¬ ). Lapse, as a verb, originally pertained merely to that last sense, but it later applied as well to something becoming invalid or void and acquired the additional meanings of Ã¢â¬Å"commit a sinÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"fail to retain religious faith.Ã¢â¬ As a noun, lapse means Ã¢â¬Å"declineÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"fall,Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"interval,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"interruption,Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"termination,Ã¢â¬ or it may refer to a mistake due to forgetfulness or inattention, or to abandoning oneÃ¢â¬â¢s faith. The adjectival form is lapsed; the adjective labile once meant Ã¢â¬Å"prone to fail or fall,Ã¢â¬ but now it pertains to instability or propensity to change. (The adjective labial and other words pertaining to lips are unrelated.) Labefaction, meanwhile, is a rarely used word meaning Ã¢â¬Å"downfallÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"overthrowÃ¢â¬ in the sense of a weakening of civil order or moral principles. When time goes by, it is said to elapse. That word was at one time also a noun, but lapse has superseded it. In theology, several words with the root lapsarian pertain to various beliefs about the biblical account of the fall of humankind as told in the story of the Garden of Eden: postlapsarian (Ã¢â¬Å"after the fallÃ¢â¬ ), prelapsarian (Ã¢â¬Å"before the fallÃ¢â¬ ), sublapsarian (Ã¢â¬Å"under the fall,Ã¢â¬ which is also the translation of the synonym infralapsarian), and superlapsarian (Ã¢â¬Å"above the fallÃ¢â¬ ). The verb collapse (literally, Ã¢â¬Å"fall togetherÃ¢â¬ ) means Ã¢â¬Å"fallÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"fall apart,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"break downÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"lose effectiveness or significance,Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"fold downÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"give wayÃ¢â¬ and as a noun refers to any of these actions. Something that can be collapsed, generally limited to the sense of Ã¢â¬Å"fold down,Ã¢â¬ is collapsible, and that quality is called collapsibility. When a body part falls or slips, it is said to prolapse (Ã¢â¬Å"fall forwardÃ¢â¬ ), and such an occurrence is a prolapse. A relapse (Ã¢â¬Å"fall againÃ¢â¬ ), meanwhile, is an instance in which symptoms of a disease that had abated recur, and the word also serves as a verb. Lava is an unexpected cognate; the word describing magma, or molten rock, after it has surfaced from underground (in its molten state or after it has cooled and hardened) stems from lapsus by way of Italian. The adjective lavalike refers to something resembling the molten state. Lapidary, referring to cutting of gems and stones, is an unrelated word derived from lapis, the Latin word for Ã¢â¬Å"stone.Ã¢â¬ Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:When to use "on" and when to use "in"Hang, Hung, Hanged13 Theatrical Terms in Popular Usage
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Types of Fixed Price Contracts Fixed price contracts are a bit self-explanatory. You propose a single price to accomplish the work being sought. Once the project is complete the government customer pays you the agreed to price. Your cost to complete the work does not factor into how much you are paid. Types of Fixed Price Contracts Firm Fixed Price or FFP contracts have detailed requirements and a price for the work. The price is negotiated before the contract is finalized and does not vary even if the contractor needs to expend more or less resources than planned. Firm fixed price contracts require the contractor to manage the costs of the work in order to make a profit. If more work than planned is required then the contractor may lose money on the contract. Fixed Price Contract with Incentive Firm Target (FPIF) contract is a firm fixed price type contract (as compared to a cost reimbursable). The fee can vary depending on whether the contract comes in above or below planned cost. These contracts do contain a ceiling price to limit the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s exposure to cost overruns. Fixed price with economic price adjustment contracts are fixed price contracts but they contain a provision to account for contingencies and changing costs. An example is the contract may contain an adjustment for an annual salary increase. Computing Fixed Price Fixed price contracts can be lucrative or cause a big loss to a company. Computing the proposed fixed price follows a similar to cost plus contract pricing. Study the request for proposals carefully determining the scope of work to be completed, labor categories of personnel needed and materials to be procured. A conservative approach to scoping the work (resulting a higher proposed cost) is preferred to offset the risk level of the work taking more effort and money than planned. However, if you propose too high a price you could lose the contract by not being competitive. Start computing the fixed price you will propose by creating a general work breakdown structure (WBS) for the project. Using the work breakdown structure you can estimate the number of labor hours by labor category needed to complete each phase of the project. Add in the materials, travel and other direct costs to the labor (priced at your labor rates) to get the proposed contract cost. Add fringe, overhead and general administrative rates to the appropriate costs to get the proposed project cost. Fee is then added to the planned cost to obtain the final fixed price you will propose. When deciding the fee take careful account of the amount of risk you have in the project not going at least as well as planned. Any risk of cost overruns should be factored into the fee. If you feel confident you can complete the work in the proposed costs then you can reduce your fee to be more competitive. For example, if the contract is to provide mowing services on base then you can estimate the amount of labor that will be required fairly accurately since the amount of mowing is well defined. If the contract is to develop a new, renewable fuel type for tanks then your risk of incurring more costs than planned is much greater. Fee rates can range from a couple of percent to 15% depending on the risk level. Note that the government and your competitors are also computing the project risk level and the related fee so be reasonable and realistic in your computations. Proposing the Fixed Price Here is where the couple of fixed price contracts come into play. When finalizing the price you will propose know the fee type required in the request for proposals. If an economic adjustment is allowed then you will need to propose what this percentage will be for each year of the contract. This is also called the escalation. Modify the computed fixed price to match the request for proposals and submit your winning proposal.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Visual Arts and Film Studies - Essay Example Neoclassical Art, on the other hand, is more inclined to the more political and unemotional aspects. DelacroixÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËSea of GalileeÃ¢â¬â¢ and WatteauÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËThe StormÃ¢â¬â¢ in comparison are two different paintings in the language of art. One of the paintings is clearly a Romantic period piece of art work while the other one comes from the Neo-classical period of art. The differences are not so difficult to spot; even from a mile away. Ã¢â¬ËThe StormÃ¢â¬â¢ by Watteau is of the Neo-classical age. On the other hand, Ã¢â¬ËThe Sea of GalileeÃ¢â¬â¢ is a romantic era work of art. There are a lot reasons and differences to back this argument up. Each of the paintings holds the characteristics within them that reveal the characteristics of the different styles of painting. Let us first consider the characteristics of neo-classicism and romanticism Neoclassicists had the belief that man is the supreme power above all else and that the center of though and truth rests with man. As Alexander Pope put it, Ã¢â¬Å"the proper study of mankind is man.Ã¢â¬ Neoclassicists always aimed to attain perfection. They strictly believed in order and reason, also in intellect, in the quest for perfection. Romanticism is the era that opposed them. Romanticism followed the neoclassicism era. Romantics directly opposed neoclassicism; they passionately believed that neoclassicism was not it and turned to natureÃ¢â¬â¢s guiding forces in their paintings. ... This began in the middle 1700Ã¢â¬â¢s. Much of this was attributed to the need to break from the playful and whimsical art of the Rococo period. Believers and followers of the neoclassicism wanted art to be what it had been in ages gone by; they wanted the traditional ways and splendor of art from ancient Rome and Greece. Neoclassicists had the feeling that, the periods of Enlightenment and the Rococo period, were not expressing peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s discomfort that came about as a result of the nobility lifestyle and the increasing demand for a democratic society. Neo classical Art contain classical themes; the subjects are usually placed in archaeological settings and the people are normally dressed in costumes from classical times. Neoclassicists also had Roman and Greek elements integrated in their paintings and portraits. The paintings had mythological fabled beings and creatures in them. Neoclassicism was also designed in order to, please senses, to teach morals, and lessons in mora ls. They were inclined towards historical paintings. On the other hand, romantic art have beginnings that can be traced back to the 18th and the 19th centuries. Romanticism was a rejection and change-over from neoclassicism and the neo classical period. It began as some form of intellectual movement by artists; they hoped to divulge from the traditional art values of neoclassical art. Romantic Art was characterized by subjectivism, individualism, nature and emotions. These are the values in which they believed in and had a passion for over intellect. Romantic Art and paintings mainly consist of the dramatic and bold works of art. They featured exoticism, nationalism, heroism, and individualism. Nature was supreme during this period. Most artists painted